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Cannabinoid Types & Effects

Cannabinoids are naturally occurring compounds found in the Cannabis plant. Of over 480 different compounds present in the plant, only around 66 are termed ‘cannabinoids’.

The most studied and understood cannabinoid compounds are CBD and THC which are found in the trichomes (the sticky, shiny frost on the flower coating).

Decarboxylation occurs when cannabinoids are burned, vaporised, or heated for a period of time at a certain temperature it makes them bioavailable to the body i.e. the body can absorb them.

The following are traits of 6 most common and studied cannabinoids:


Psychoactive trait: NONE! You will not feel high in any way.

CBD is child & pet friendly.

Medical Ailments:

Studies have shown that CBD has anti-inflammatory, anti-anxiety, and auto-immune regulating abilities, and as such helps with :

  • Anxiety
  • Arthritis
  • Blood pressure
  • Cancer
  • Colitis
  • Diabetes
  • Heart Disease
  • Liver Inflammation
  • Multiple Sclerosis
  • Nausea
  • Neuroprotective
  • Nerve PIN
  • Rheumatoid Arthritis
  • Schizophrenia
  • Seizures (Epilepsy, Gervais, Heart arrhythmia)
  • Tachycardia


CBD ranges:


Psychoactive trait: Yes, you will feel high (alter behaviour, mood, perception, and consciousness).

Effect: New user may feel anxiety or paranoia because they are not use to THC yet.

THC ranges:

  • THC:CBD ratios: range from 20:1 to 5:2 to 1:1


Psychoactive trait: Mild on its own. Yes, with THC, you will feel high (alter behaviour, mood, perception, and consciousness.)

Effect: Very sedative so effective for sleep aid with any type of insomnia


Psychoactive trait:  No

Effect: stimulate neurogenesis (brain cell growth),  antibacterial, anti-tumour, helps with insomnia, calms digestive tract, adrenal regulator to manage stress


Psychoactive trait: Mild on its own. Reduces THC effects

Effect: energetic, clear, focused or euphoric.

Current research on metabolic disorders: For diabetes. THCV reduces glucose intolerance and improves  insulin sensitivity.  Positive research to treat tremors with Parkinson’s Disease due to the neuroprotective effect when interacting with the nervous system. Compounds with this neuroprotective effect are also used to treat tremors associated with neurological diseases like multiple sclerosis.


Psychoactive trait: None.

Effects: anti-inflammatory, anti-proliferative (inhibiting the cell-growth in tumours/ cancer cells,) as well as anti-spasmodic (suppresses muscle-spasms) properties .


  • Oils that create a distinctive flavor and aroma of each plant such as berry, pine, citrus, mint.
  • Are produced in the trichomes (the sticky, shiny frost on the flower coating)
  • Plant uses terpenes for protection from infection and UV rays.
  • More than 100 terpene types have been identified.
  • They are a modulator on the body to increase the uptake of cannabinoids into the bloodstream.
  • Display anti-inflammatory, anti-depressant and in some case immuno stimulating properties, influence neurotransmitters in the brain, affecting dopamine and serotonin production and destruction.


The following are traits of 5 common terpenes.

1. Myrcene

  • Smells like cloves
  • The most prevalent terpene in cannabis plant
  • Strains containing over 0.5%  produce a sedative high.
  • Strains containing less 0.5% produce energizing effect. 

2. Pinene

  • Creates the cannabis odour, often associated with pine trees and turpentine
  • Has anti-inflammatory and a bronchodilator properties
  • Used with CBD is good for acne
  • Found in high quantities in Purple Kush and white widow

3. Linalool

  • Smells likes flowers
  • It is used to treat anxiety,  stress, seizure disorders, acne, depression, sleep aid, analgesic and anti-epileptic.
  • With CBD is good for social anxiety disorders
  • Found in high quantities in G13 and LA Confidential.

4. Caryophyllen

  • Smells like pepper, cloves and wood.
  • Onlyterpene known to interact with the body’s endocannabinoid system
  • Produces anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects.
  • Found in high quantities in Hash Plant

5. Limonene

  • Smells like citrus
  • Aids the absorption of other terpenes through the mucous membranes
  • Treats anxiety and depression.
  • Found in high quantities OG Kush and Super Lemon Haze