Cannabinoids are naturally occurring compounds found in the Cannabis plant. Of over 480 different compounds present in the plant, only around 66 are termed ‘cannabinoids’.
The most studied and understood cannabinoid compounds are CBD and THC which are found in the trichomes (the sticky, shiny frost on the flower coating).
Decarboxylation occurs when cannabinoids are burned, vaporised, or heated for a period of time at a certain temperature it makes them bioavailable to the body i.e. the body can absorb them.
The following are traits of 6 most common and studied cannabinoids:
Psychoactive trait: NONE! You will not feel high in any way.
CBD is child & pet friendly.
Studies have shown that CBD has anti-inflammatory, anti-anxiety, and auto-immune regulating abilities, and as such helps with :
Psychoactive trait: Yes, you will feel high (alter behaviour, mood, perception, and consciousness).
Effect: New user may feel anxiety or paranoia because they are not use to THC yet.
Psychoactive trait: Mild on its own. Yes, with THC, you will feel high (alter behaviour, mood, perception, and consciousness.)
Effect: Very sedative so effective for sleep aid with any type of insomnia
Psychoactive trait: No
Effect: stimulate neurogenesis (brain cell growth), antibacterial, anti-tumour, helps with insomnia, calms digestive tract, adrenal regulator to manage stress
Psychoactive trait: Mild on its own. Reduces THC effects
Effect: energetic, clear, focused or euphoric.
Current research on metabolic disorders: For diabetes. THCV reduces glucose intolerance and improves insulin sensitivity. Positive research to treat tremors with Parkinson’s Disease due to the neuroprotective effect when interacting with the nervous system. Compounds with this neuroprotective effect are also used to treat tremors associated with neurological diseases like multiple sclerosis.
Psychoactive trait: None.
Effects: anti-inflammatory, anti-proliferative (inhibiting the cell-growth in tumours/ cancer cells,) as well as anti-spasmodic (suppresses muscle-spasms) properties .
The following are traits of 5 common terpenes.